Monday, September 21, 2015

Diwali festival


What is Diwali
Diwali is a harvest festival like many other Indian Holidays.Diwali is the biggest and the brightest festival in India. The festival spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness Diwali is also known as Deepavali and festival of lights.Deep means oil lamps and wali is Rows.The celebrations take place during the months of October - November which is regarded as the 'Ashvin' month of the Hindu calendar. It is interesting to note that Diwali is also celebrated by Buddhists of Nepal.
Diwali Date and time:
diwali 2018 Date
In 2018, Diwali is on November 7.
In 2019, Diwali is on October 27.

why do we celebrate diwali
Diwali Is celebrated because Lord Rama, King of Ayodhya, his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana returned to Ayodhya after a 14 year exile. They had fought a war in which he killed the demon king Ravana. The people of Ayodhya lit diyas or oil lamps in rows.
when is diwali celebrated
The festival preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika. In the Gregorian calendar,Diwali falls between mid-October and mid-November.
As per Amanta Hindu Calendar, five days Diwali festivity spans over two months.

Diwali begins - Krishna Paksha Trayodashi (28th day) of Ashwin (7th month)
Diwali ends - Shukla Paksha Dwitiya (2nd day) of Kartik (8th month)

As per Purnimanta Calendar
Diwali begins - Krishna Paksha Trayodashi (13th day) of Kartik (8th month)
Diwali ends - Shukla Paksha Dwitiya (17th day) of Kartik (8th month)
It celebrates for five days as below
Day 1 - Dhantrayodashi
Day 2 - Narak Chaturdashi
Day 3 - Lakshmi Puja
Day 4 - Govardhan Puja
Day 5 - Bhaiya Dooj
How we diwali celebrated
Before Diwali night, people clean, renovate and decorate their homes and offices.On Diwali night, Hindus dress up in new clothes or their best outfit, light up diyas inside and outside their home, participate in family puja (prayers) typically to Lakshmi the goddess of wealth and prosperity. After puja, fireworks follow,then a family feast including sweets, and an exchange of gifts between family members and close friends. Diwali also marks a major shopping period in nations where it is celebrated.Diwali is also celebrated in Sikhism and Jainism but for separate reasons. Sikh celebrates Diwali as Bandi Chhor Divas and Jain celebrates it as a day to commemorate Mahavir.
Significance of the Diwali:
Various deities are worshipped and appeased during five days Diwali festivity. However Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Lord Kuber are the most prominent names which come to the mind when Diwali Puja is mentioned.Lord Yamraj, God Dhanvantari, God Hanuman, Goddess Kali, Goddess Saraswati, Lord Krishna and Demon King Bali are other prominent deities who are worshipped during Diwali.
Diwali honouring the return of the god Rama, his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana from exile of 14 years, as told in the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana.To some, Diwali marks the return of Pandavas after 12 years of Vanvas and one year of agyatavas in the other ancient Hindu epic Mahabharata.

Many other Hindus believe Diwali is linked to the celebration of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, and wife of the god Vishnu. The five day festival of Diwali begins on the day Lakshmi was born from the churning of cosmic ocean of milk by the gods and the demons; the night of Diwali is the day Lakshmi chose Vishnu as her husband and then married him.Along with Lakshmi, devotees make offerings to Ganesha who symbolizes ethical beginnings and fearless remover of obstacles; Saraswati who symbolizes music, literature and learning; and Kubera who symbolizes book keeping, treasury and wealth management.Other Hindus believe that Diwali is the day Vishnu came back to Lakshmi and their abode in the Vaikuntha; so those who worship Lakshmi receive the benefit of her good mood, and therefore are blessed with mental, physical and material well-being during the year ahead.
Hindus in India's eastern region, such as Odisha and West Bengal, worship the goddess Kali instead of Lakshmi, and call the festival Kali Puja.In India's Braj and north central regions, the god Krishna is recognized. People mark Mount Govardhan, and celebrate legends about Krishna. In other regions, the feast of Annakoot is celebrated, with 56 or 108 different cuisines prepared, offered to Krishna, then shared and celebrated by the local community.

Narak Chaturdashi:
Narak Chaturdashi is the second day of festivities, and is also called Choti Diwali. Typically, house decoration and colourful floor patterns called rangoli are made on or before Narak Chaturdashi. Special bathing rituals such as a fragrant oil bath are held in some regions, followed by minor pujas. Women decorate their hands with henna designs. Families are also busy preparing homemade sweets for main Diwali.

why diwali festival is celebrated 
During the month of diwali,there used to be lot of insects  and disease causing bacteria's in air,in order to protect from these,the practice of dia lamps are kept to attract and eliminate insects and sulfur filled crackers were burst to eradicate bacteria found cleanse the air.In order to  force the people to practice this religious stories were made to people to abide this unwritten rules.

Diwali celebrations in the uk:
Many cities throughout the United Kingdom celebrate the Diwali festival with firework displays, dances, plays, street lighting, Diwali lanterns, traditional Indian food, and music. Hindu council representatives, spokespeople from Indian associations, and political leaders publicly announce their greetings to those involved in organizing and participating in Diwali celebrations.

Diwali is not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom but it is celebrated in many towns and cities such as Belfast, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Leicester, and London. There may be traffic congestion and parking places may be full in areas where events are held to celebrate Diwali. Some Indian businesses may close early on Diwali.

Diwali 2018
In 2018, Diwali is on November 7.

Prayer on diwali:
Asato ma sat gamaya | (असतो मा सद्गमय ।)
Tamaso ma jyotir gamaya | (तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय ।)
Mṛtyor ma amṛtam gamaya | (मृत्योर्मा अमृतं गमय ।)
Om shanti shanti shantihi || (ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥)

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