Thursday, October 8, 2015

lailat al bara a when is lailat al bara a

when is lailat al bara'ah
lailat al bara'ah/ Barat Night is a Muslim holiday celebrated on the 14th night of the month of Sha'aban, the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. It commemorates the entry of Muhammad into the city of Mecca.
On this night Allah said :'who wants forgiveness, I will forgive you. Who wants food, I will provide food.` Allah said this over again and again until fajr. The festival of Shab-E-Barat is celebrated with pomp and enthusiasm by Muslims all over the world. For, Muslims believe that on the night of Shab-E-Barat God writes the destinies of all men for the coming year by taking into account the deeds committed by them in the past.It is considered one of the holiest nights on the Islamic Calendar.
what is lailat al bara'a
The Lailat-ul Barat is a very important night for the Muslims. It is also popularly known as Shab-e-Barat. It marks the glory of the god of the Muslims. Lailat means night and Barat means Privilege. It is believed that in this night God himself blesses all human beings and accumulates all of us in his infinite mercy.
It also known as Shab-i-Barat, Fifteenth of Shaban, Night of Forgiveness, Night of Deliverance, Night of Record, Night of Destiny, Night of Fate, Birthday of the Twelfth Imam.
shab e barat 
The word Islam is an Arabic word that means "surrender to God." Its other meanings include peace, safety, and health. The centralfocus of Islam is a personal commitment and surrender to Allah, the Arabic word for God. In Islam, the concept of Allah is universaland eternal. Allah is the same in every religion and throughout the history of humankind. A person who follows Islam is called aMuslim, which means one who surrenders or submits to Allah's will. But Islam is not just a religion of belief; it is a religion of action.Five specific deeds are required of followers; these are called The Five Pillars of Islam. They are 1) Sha- hadah-confession of faith; 2)Salat-prayer/worship; 3) Zakat-charity; 4) Sawm-fasting; and 5) Hajj-pilgrimage.

The message of Islam was brought by Muhammad (570-632 C . E .), who is considered a prophet of Allah. The holy book of Islam isthe Qur'an (also sometimes spelled Koran or Alcoran). According to Islamic belief, the Qur'an was revealed to Muhammad by Allahover a period of twenty-three years. Authorship of the Qur'an is attributed to Allah, and not to Muhammad; Muhammad merely receivedit. Muslims believe that because it originated with Allah, the Qur'an is infallible.

There are two main sects within Islam: Sunni and Shi'ite. Sunni Muslims are the majority (estimated at about eighty percent). Theyrecognize the authority of the first four Caliphs, including Ali, and they believe that the Sunna (the example of the Prophet Muhammad)is interpreted through the consensus of the community. Shi'ite Muslims also look to special teachers, called imams. The imams arethe direct descendants of Muhammad through Fatimah and Ali. These individuals are believed to be inspired and to possess secretknowledge. Shi'ites, however, do not recognize the same line of Islamic leaders acknowledged by the Sunnis. Shi'ites hold to adoctrine that accepts only leaders who are descended from Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and her husband Ali. ManyShi'ite subsects believe that true imams are errorless and sinless. They receive instruction from these leaders rather than relying onthe consensus of the community. The origins of Laylat al-Bara'ah can be traced back to the founding of Islam. Contemporaries of theProphet Muhammad report that he taught his followers that the fifteenth of Shaban was a holy day. Muhammad told them, "When themiddle night of Shaban comes, spend the night in prayer and fast during the day, for in it God most high comes down at sunset to thelowest heaven and says, 'Is there no one who asks forgiveness so that I may forgive him? Is there no one afflicted so that I mayrelieve him." The belief that God is especially inclined to be merciful on this night led to the name "Laylat al-Bara'ah," which means"Night of Forgiveness" in Arabic.

Other beliefs surrounding Laylat al-Bara'ah include the notion that God determines one's fate for the year to come on this day. It is saidthat God completes the list of those who will be born, die, complete the Hajj pilgrimage, and experience other important milestones inthe coming year on Laylat al-Bara'ah. In south Asia, the holiday is called "Shab-i-Barat," which means "Night of Destiny" or "Night ofFate." This name reflects the belief that God shapes one's destiny on this day.

Shia Muslims celebrate the Birthday of the Twelfth Imam on the fifteenth of Shaban. In Sunni Islam an imam is a prayer leader. ShiaMuslims also use the word to refer to one of the early Muslim religious leaders, men who were also direct descendants of the Prophet.The Twelfth and last Imam, named Muhammad, was born in 869. He disappeared at the age of four, and no one knows what becameof him. It is said among the Shias that he will reappear on earth at the end of time, when he will become known as the Mahdi, or the"Guided One." 
lailat al bara a celebrations  Night of Salvation celebrations 
Islam strongly encourages Muslims to give to those less fortunate than themselves. The Qur'an assures Muslims many times overthat this merciful act is sure to find favor with God. Some Muslims honor Laylat al-Bara'ah by giving to charity. They hope that God willreward them with blessings in the year to come for such an honorable deed.
Muslims practice fasting in order to remind themselves of the plight of the poor and to develop spiritual strength. Muhammad himselfrecommended fasting during the month of Shaban. He believed that the practice honored God and felt that it boded well to fast duringthe month in which God took account of one's deeds on earth. As RAMADAN, the month of fasting, comes just two weeks after Laylatal-Bara'ah, Muhammad never fasted past the fifteenth of Shaban. Today very devout Muslims still fast during the daylight hours ofLaylat al-Bara'ah. Laylat al-Bara'ah
Laylat al-Bara'ah is an especially important holiday for Muslims in India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Many towns in this region honorthe holiday with fireworks displays. Children often create their own dazzling displays by setting off firecrackers.
Prayer Vigils
The most important customs associated with this holiday take place at night. Many Muslims attend religious gatherings in mosques onthis evening. Some mosques also hold lectures and other educational events. It is customary to stay up late into the night, listening torecitations from the Qur'an and praying. The especially devout stay up all night, praying for the forgiveness of their sins and asking forblessings in the year ahead.
Qur'an Reading
The holy book of Islam is called the Qur'an. Islamic tradition links Chapter 36 of the Qur'an with Laylat al-Bara'ah. Titled "Ya Sin," thischapter addresses the themes of death and judgment. In it, God warns humans that they will be held accountable for their actions andattitudes. Many Muslims honor Laylat al-Bara'ah by reading this chapter. In verses eleven and twelve, God warns humanity that arecord is kept of everyone's deeds, but that the heavens are merciful to those who follow the way of life taught by God (theCompassionate One) and passed down to humanity through the Prophet Muhammad:
You can only warn those Who follow the Reminder And fear the Compassionate One is secret: Give them news of forgiveness And agenerous, noble reward. For We give life to the dead, And We record what they sent before And what they left after them: And Wehave taken account of all things in a clear book of examples (Qur'an 36:11-12, Cleary trans.)
Both the record keeping and the mercy and blessings bestowed on the devout are especially associated with Laylat al-Bara'ah.
Many Muslims enjoy special sweets on the evening of the fifteenth of Shaban, made all the tastier by the knowledge that the month offasting lies just around the corner. In India and Pakistan, carrot halvah is a favorite dish associated with the holiday. This confection ismade by simmering together shredded carrots, milk, and cream. After the liquid boils down, sugar, cardamom, ground almonds, andbutter are added. The mixture is cooked a bit more, then cooled and served.

lailat al bara a history
It is believed that in this night Allah-the God of the Muslims himself descends on the earth and cures every human being of his sufferings and sins. According to the encyclopedia of Islam, Allah at this night forgives all mortals for their sins. Even the holy Prophet used to pray throughout this night in order to receive blessings from Allah himself. The holy Quran itself has mentions about the night of salvation. The religious importance of this activity is very high.

The holy Prophet Muhammad is believed to have said, “Allah forgives every Muslims in this night. But he does not forgive the Mushrek, the jealous, the cruel and the adulterer.” It is the 15th of Sha’ban. It is believed that Muslims wait throughout the year for this auspicious night so that they can get rid of their wrongs and their sins and under the never-ending umbrella of the merciful Allah.

There are numerous events to prove that Prophet himself was deeply engrossed in prayers at this night, even visiting graveyards to pray for the dead. People greatly value the sacredness and importance of this night of privilege and salvation. It is believed that at this night Allah himself opens the Doors of Mercy and Grace for the Muslims.

All these events mark the holiness, the peacefulness, and the heavenly involvement of this occasion. At this night the holy tree of life, on whose leaves are written the names of the people, is shaken and all those leaves which fall indicates the names of the people who are going to die the coming year. Although there are many opinions and false linking of this auspicious night to other events of the past but the Quran easily distinguishes this Night of Privilege from others.
How to spend the Night
On this night, perform Nawaafil, recite the Qur’an Shareef, recite abundant
Durood Shareef, Istighfaar and Kalima Tayyibah. It is also mentioned that if
one reads Surah Dukhan seven times on this night, Almighty Allah will
reward you with 70 worldly needs and 70 deeds for the Hereafter.

What to Recite immediately after Sunset
After sunset, you should recite “La Hawla walaa Quwwata illa Billahil-aliyil
Azeem” forty times with three times Durood Shareef before and after. It is
mentioned that by reciting this, Almighty Allah will forgive forty years of
your sins and forty Hoors will await to serve you in Jannat al-Firdous.

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